In fuel-cell conversion, the hydrogen is turned into electricity through fuel cells which then powers electric motors.
A small number of prototype hydrogen cars currently exist, and a significant amount of research is underway to make the technology more viable. A solar car is an electric vehicle powered by solar energy obtained from solar panels on the car. Solar cars are not a practical form of transportation; insufficient power falls on the roof of a practically sized and shaped vehicle to provide adequate performance. Reference Terms. Both ethanol and methanol have been considered for this purpose. Other experiments involve butanol, which can also be produced by fermentation of plants.
A hybrid vehicle uses multiple propulsion systems to provide motive power. These cars generally use the hydrogen in one of two methods: combustion or fuel-cell conversion. With either method, the only byproduct from the spent hydrogen is water. Related Stories.
Aggressive behavior behind the wheel can lower gas mileage in light-duty vehicles, which To meet national and international environmental targets, car manufacturers have developed alternative fuel-powered cars. Indeed, many countries have decided to ban the sale of new fossil fuel passenger vehicles by China, France, Denmark, India, the Netherlands, the United-Kingdom, Norway, and Sweden….
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In this context, three main alternatives to fossil fuel passenger vehicles have emerged: electric vehicles EVs , fuel-cell electric vehicles FCEVs and biofuels. Biofuels, such as ethanol or biodiesel, are alternative fuels produced directly from biomass plants or organic wastes. In theory, biofuels are carbon neutral because the carbon dioxide that is absorbed by the plants during its life is more or less equal to the carbon dioxide that is released when the fuel is burned. In addition, biofuels are generally considered as renewable energy as the plants can regrow quickly.
Definition: Alternative-fuel vehicle
Ethanol is the first alternative fuel consumed in the world. Electric vehicles represent a fast growing alternative to fossil fuel vehicles. EVs are using electricity to power an electric motor. The electricity consumed — that can be generated from a wide range of sources, including renewable sources such as solar and wind power — is stored in batteries. Today, most EVs are using lithium-ion batteries because of their high energy and power density, and long life span.
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Euro 6 diesel cars are the cleanest in history: Nitrogen oxides NOx and particulate matter PM emissions have been cut significantly in recent years, thanks to sophisticated exhaust after-treatments and advanced engine design. Diesel technology has already played a huge part in reducing CO2 emissions.
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Diesel cars can cost less upfront to buy than electric or hybrid vehicles, and are typically more fuel efficient than petrol cars. New diesels meet the emissions standards for use in the London Ultra Low Emission Zone and the future Clean Air Zones, and do not incur any restrictions or fines.
Consider if your driving mostly involves: short to medium distance journeys, rural driving. Continuous advances in vehicle technology have ensured the petrol cars we use today are unrecognisable compared with those we relied on even just 10 years ago.
Alternative fuel vehicle
Massive investment has resulted in an evolution of the combustion engine, and vastly reduced tailpipe emissions. Petrol cars cost less up front to buy than electric vehicles on a like-for-like basis. Battery electric vehicles BEVs are powered solely by batteries. They use an electric motor to turn the wheels and produce zero emissions. BEVs typically offer miles driving range and are cheap to run when charged at home.
Plug-in hybrids are capable of zero emission driving, typically between miles, and can run on petrol or diesel for longer trips.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle Pictures
As the name suggests, they need to be plugged-in to an electricity supply in order to maximise their zero emission capability. They have a reduced road tax VED. They use electric power generated during braking to improve fuel economy and run on petrol or diesel for longer trips. They have a lower road tax VED. Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicles MHEVs , sometimes known as hybrid assist vehicles, have a petrol or diesel internal combustion engine equipped with an electric motor that can allow the engine to be turned off as the car is coasting or braking.
Related history of alternative fuel cars
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